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2015年成人高考专升本英语词汇知识梳理:介词

2015-05-16 14:26admin织梦58

1. across(穿过) My mother lives across the street.

I came across him yesterday. ( come across偶然遇到 )

The post office is just across the street.

2. after(在……之后)

The girl is named after her mother.

(name after 以……命名)

Rewrite the sentences after the model. (模仿,仿照)

3. against(反对) What you are doing is against the rule.

We are against the proposal. (be against 反对)

Nobody has got anything against you.

4. along(沿着) They walked along Nanjing Road.

There is a cinema along the street. I’m getting along well with my classmates.

5. around(围绕) We all drew up closely around him.

The guide showed us around the city.

(show sb. around 领某人参观)

6. at(在……) Let’s meet at the station.

She was at a conference.

The committee is to meet at the weekend. He joined up at eighteen.(join up 参军)

What are you laughing at? (laugh at 嘲笑)

My mother was surprised at the news.(be surprised at 吃惊) He is good at drawing.

7. before(在……之前)

Don’t put the cart before the horse. 不要本末倒置。

Pride comes before a fall. 骄傲就会摔跤。 Before starting the work, we had a discussion.

Before long, the war broke out. (break out 爆发)

I bought the book the day before yesterday.

8. besides ( 除…之外还 ) There are six students in the classroom besides me.

Besides fun and good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill.

9. between(在……之间) Come between ten and eleven o’clock.

They don’t know the difference between wheat and oats.

(among 用于三者或三者以上) What’s the difference between them?

10. beyond(在……之外)

The lake is beyond that mountain. Don’t go beyond the city boundary. (go beyond 超过)

It’s expensive and beyond our reach.

The city is beyond recognition. (beyond recognition 面目全非)

The problem is too difficult. It’s beyond me.

This is inevitable and beyond all doubts. 这是必然的,毫无疑义的。

11. but ( 除…之外 ) Who but a fool would do such a thing?

I have nothing but a book in my hand. I’m the last but one to get here.

12.by(经过) She passed by me without saying goodbye to me.

The woman is standing by the door. By the time we got to the station, the train had left.

By the end of the year, we have trained 400 people.

I came here by taxi. (by bus, by plane, by ship, on foot )

The girl isn’t an actress by profession. (actor 男演员) What’s the time by your watch?

Consumer goods production will go up by 6 % this year.

I met him by chance yesterday. (by chance 偶尔碰到)

We all have to abide by the rules. (abide by 遵守)

In order to pass the exam, we have to learn the texts by heart.

At the age of ten she began to live by herself.(by oneself 独自)

13. except (除去) None of us have seen the film except my sister.

He comes to school every day except Saturday.

She is alone in the world except for her mother.